July 2019 Practice Update
‘Cash in hand’ payments to workers no longer tax deductible
The ATO has reminded employers that any ‘cash in hand’ payments made to workers from 1 July 2019 will not be tax deductible.
‘Cash in hand’ refers to cash payments to employees that do not comply with pay as you go (‘PAYG’) withholding obligations.
Payments made to contractors where the contractor does not provide an ABN and the business does not withhold any tax will also not be tax deductible from 1 July.
In addition to the loss of a tax deduction, employers caught not complying with their PAYG withholding obligations may be penalised for failing to withhold and report amounts under the PAYG withholding system.
However, employers who mistakenly classify their employee as a contractor will not lose their deduction where their worker provides them with an ABN.
Uber drivers not employees
The Fair Work Ombudsman has completed its investigation relating to Uber Australia Pty Ltd and its engagement of drivers, concluding that the relationship between Uber Australia and the drivers is not an employment relationship.
The investigation found that Uber drivers are not subject to any formal or operational obligation to perform work.
Instead, Uber drivers have control over whether, when, and for how long they perform work, on any given day or on any given week, and, in particular, Uber Australia does not require drivers to perform work at particular times.
As a consequence, the FWO will not take compliance action in relation to this matter.
ATO targeting false laundry claims
The ATO will target false clothing and laundry work-related expense claims this Tax Time.
In 2018, around six million people claimed work-related clothing and laundry expenses totalling nearly $1.5 billion.
Assistant Commissioner Karen Foat said although many Australians can claim clothing and laundry expenses, it’s unlikely that half of all taxpayers are required to wear uniforms, protective clothing or occupation-specific clothing to earn their income.
“Last year a quarter of all clothing and laundry claims were exactly at the record-keeping limit”, Ms Foat said.
“But don’t think that we won’t scrutinise a claim because we don’t require receipts”.
She also said the ATO does not ignore incorrect claims “just because they are small, because small amounts add up”.
The ATO is also concerned about the number of people claiming deductions for conventional clothing, such as retail workers claiming normal clothes “because their boss told them to wear a certain colour, or items from the latest fashion clothing line”, or others claiming normal clothes because they only wear them to work.
The ATO’s sophisticated data analytics is constantly improving and can identify unusual claims by comparing taxpayer claims to others in similar occupations.
Taxpayers who can’t substantiate their claims should expect to have them refused, and may be penalised for failing to take reasonable care when submitting their tax return.
Lifestyle assets data matching program
The ATO has released details of their “Lifestyle assets 2013-14 and 2014-15 financial years data matching program protocol”.
They will obtain information on insurance policies for certain classes of assets, including marine vessels, enthusiast motor vehicles, thoroughbred races horse, fine art and aircraft to improve their profiling of taxpayers and provide a more comprehensive view of their assets and accumulated wealth.
Tax time tips for small business
To lend a ‘helping hand’ to small businesses to get their tax right this Tax Time, the ATO has identified the top 3 issues they see when small businesses lodge their tax returns:
- Failing to report all of their income;
- No having the necessary records to prove small business expenses claims; and
- Claiming private expenses as business expenses (such as travel expenses).
Car parking threshold for 2020 FBT year
The car parking threshold for the FBT year commencing on 1 April 2019 is $8.95 (replacing the amount of $8.83 that applied in the previous year commencing 1 April 2018).
Trustee obligations on the ATO’s radar: TFN reports
The ATO is currently reviewing adherence to certain trustee obligations, including the lodgment of Tax File Number (‘TFN’) reports for TFN withholding for closely held trusts.
Beneficiaries are required to quote their TFN to trustees to avoid having tax withheld from payments or unpaid present entitlements, and trustees must lodge a TFN report for any quarter in which a beneficiary quotes their TFN to the trustee.
If beneficiaries have not quoted their TFN to the trustee, the trustee must:
- withhold tax at the rate of 47% from the distribution;
- pay this tax to the ATO; and
- report, in an annual report, details of all withheld amounts.
Please Note: Many of the comments in this publication are general in nature and anyone intending to apply the information to practical circumstances should seek professional advice to independently verify their interpretation and the information’s applicability to their particular circumstances.